Nepal – Brief Introduction

Nepal, संघिय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal) is a Landlocked Himalayan country which is situated between the Republic of India (East, West and South sides) and the People’s Republic of China (North Side). Nepal occupies 1,47,181 Sq. Km Area. Nepal is multi lingual ( Nepali, Nepal Bhasa, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Sherpa, Limbu, Awadhi and 100 of others) and multi religious (Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Muslim and others) country. Major part of Nepal is covered by beautiful hills and mountains. More than 240 peaks over 6,000 m (including the world’s highest peak, Mt. Everest, Sagarmatha in Nepali, 8,848m height) and 8 peaks over 8,000 m are located in Nepal and border line with China.

The landscape of Nepal on northern territory is very attractive covered with sloppy terrain and snow covered hills. The southern part consists of Plain terai region (Madhes in Nepali) which is covered with greenery (green plants, forest, crops and herbal plants).Nepal has many tourist destinations such as Pokhara Valley (also called as heaven on the Earth), Kathmandu valley, Arun Valley, Mustang, Ghandruk, Gosainkunda, Lumbini (birth place of Gautam Buddha, the profounder of Buddhism) etc. Nepal’s topographic diversity is main attraction for the tourist (visitors) visiting Nepal.

Nepal is rich in flora and fauna. The diversity of different animals and plants found in Nepal is itself uniqueness in the world. This diversity has been caused due to the variation of topography while moving north from south which ranges from low plain land to the high hills covered with snow. This diversity is also facilitated due to the diversity of climate (tropical, subtropical, temperate, subarctic and arctic zones). These local flora and fauna are preserved in National parks (Chitwan, Bardiya, Suklaphata etc.), wildlife reserves and conservation areas which are also major tourist destinations of Nepal.


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